Starting Your Adventure Together

A 4 Week Guide to Bonding with your Rabbit


If you have decided to adopt or foster a rabbit, thank you & of course congratulations! You’re about to embark on a wonderful journey of companionship.

Whether you are a first-time rabbit owner or are looking to deepen an existing bond, this four week guide will ensure that your relationship starts off on the right paw. We’ll share insights into the best care practices used across multiple rabbit rescues and tips on feeding, cleaning, and handling rabbits safely. By the end of these four weeks, you’ll not only understand your rabbit better but cherish the unique joy that comes with earning a rabbit’s companionship and trust.

Yes, we said EARN.

Rabbits, as prey animals, are naturally cautious and need time to trust new human companions. Unlike cats and dogs, who approach new people with curiosity, rabbits often react with caution to unfamiliar situations. Building trust with a rabbit requires time, patience, and consistency.

PRO TIP: Rabbits are extremely food motivated, so reward positive interactions with treats and hand feed them their greens every day to strengthen your bond. Just be careful to not over do it. Feed 1-2 baked treats like the “Oxbow Simple Rewards Baked Treats with Apples and Bananas” per day (they can be broken into smaller pieces) and no more than a 1-2 teaspoon sized serving servings of fruit (a single strawberry or 1 baby carrot) per week.

Ready to embark your adventure? Let’s hop right in!

Week 0


Before your new bunny arrives, you’ll need to make sure that your room is safe for, and from, them.  Bunny proofing includes covering dangerous electrical cords, removing houseplants and plastic or rubber that could cause gastrointestinal problems if ingested, and blocking off unsafe areas. Covering your furniture with waterproof blankets can protect them from potential accidents.

Check off essential supplies like an X-pen to create a 4ft x 4ft, 16sq ft living space for your rabbit when they need to be enclosed, a hard-sided pet carrier to bring them home in and for future vet visits, a L or XL cat-sized litter box, rabbit-safe litter, a water bowl that holds at least 3-5 cups of water, a cozy hiding area like a cardboard cat house or wooden bunny caste, fortified food pellets and plenty of chew toys, treats, and hay to keep your bunny happy and engaged.

In addition to physical preparations, write up a daily and weekly schedule for meals, tiding up, and bonding time to establish a routine that will help your rabbit settle in more quickly.

Rabbits are known to chew on ‘spicy hay’ a.k.a. electrical cables.


Before welcoming a rabbit into your home, make sure it is safe for, and from, the rabbit. Bunny proofing protects both your bunny and your belongings. Here’s how to effectively bunny proof your living space:

  1. Electrical Cables & Wires: Rabbits are known to chew on ‘spicy hay’ a.k.a. dangerous electrical cables. Protect your rabbit from electrocution and yourself from having to explain to the cable guy what happened to the Ethernet cable. Other common victims are phone chargers, headphone cables, laptop cables, shoe laces, drawstrings of hoodies and sweatpants.
  2. Furniture and Baseboards: Wooden items such as furniture legs and baseboards are another common targets for a rabbit’s chewing. Protect these areas by blocking access with grids, pens or other protective barriers. As a natural deterrent, you can also wipe down these surfaces with diluted white vinegar before letting your rabbit out to free roam.
  3. Rubber and Plastic Items: Unlike wood, which is usually harmless, rubber and plastic can cause deadly intestinal obstructions if ingested. Ensure all such materials are removed from areas your rabbit will have access to or securely blocked off. Consider TV remotes, wheels of strollers, office chairs or carts, exercise weights, children’s toys and plastic baby toys. Plastic stacking cups and other baby toys can be used for supervised play time but should NOT be left in the rabbits enclosure all of the time.
  4. House Plants: Many common houseplants are toxic to rabbits and no, unfortunately, rabbits do not have the innate sense to not eat something that can make them sick. Here are a few to watch out for: poinsettias, lilies (including Easter lilies), onion, rhubarb, hydrageas, chrysanthemums, iris, ivy, daffodil, poppy, rhododendrons, both tomato and potato plants, yew, and cannabis. But even non-toxic plants can upset a rabbits digestive systems, leading to serious health issues like GI stasis. Be sure to remove or block access to any houseplants. Fake houseplants can also be dangerous if rabbits ingest the synthetic material.
  5.  Temperature Control: Rabbits are extremely sensitive to temperature changes. Maintain ambient temperatures between 64-74°F to keep your rabbit comfortable. Be especially cautious with long-haired and lop-eared breeds, which can start to overheat at 76°F.
  6. Protect Your Soft Furnishings: Use waterproof blankets on your beds and couches to guard against any accidents that might occur as your rabbit settles in. Avoid pee pads as these end up getting chewed and ingested.
  7. Block Small Spaces: Rabbits love to squeeze into small spaces and can burrow into places like the undersides of couches and beds. Use C&C grids to block off these areas to prevent them from getting into or damaging these spaces.
  8. Avoid Respiratory Irritants: Because rabbits have very sensitive respiratory systems, avoid smoking, vaping, burning incense, scented plug-ins, or air fresheners in your rabbits room as these can be toxic and cause respiratory and neurological problems.

By following these steps, you’ll create a rabbit-friendly home that minimizes risks and maximizes safety!



  • A pet playpen like the “MidWest Homes For Pets Foldable Metal Dog Exercise Pen / Pet Playpen” creates a safe home base for when you cannot supervise your rabbit. When enclosed rabbits need a minimum 4ft x 4ft, 16sq ft, living space. Cages and hutches DO NOT provide enough space for rabbits to express their natural instincts and can lead to depression, boredom and end even aggression. Rabbits kept in cages or hutches typically pace back and forth, chew on the bars which can damage their teeth, and may box, lunge or bite when a hand reaches in.
    • According to research conducted in 2023 by the University of Bristol Vet School “pet rabbits have higher levels of the stress hormone – corticosterone – when kept in small hutches with restricted exercise.” READ MORE
  • A 5×7 low pile carpet for their area. Slippery floors, like hardwood or tile, can lead to splay leg injuries and arthritis. Lay down rugs and carpets that provide traction for your rabbits feet. Additionally, avoid carpets with long threads or loops that could catch on their nails.
  • Cardboard or wooden hidey house. Rabbits are naturally prey animals and need a place to hide when they are scared and to nap during the day. Cardboard houses and wooden castles are preferred as rabbits tend to pee inside soft hidey houses and dog beds. Here are some of our bunnies favorites: “HIIMALEX Sturdy Bunny House“,
  • A L or XL cat size litterbox (min. 14in x 18in). Litterboxes marketed towards rabbits, especially corner litterboxes, are too small and rabbits might not litterbox train as well with them.
  • Make sure you get litter that is safe for rabbits such as paper bedding or recycled paper pellets. We recommend “Oxbow Eco Straw Pelleted Wheat Straw Litter for Small Animals“, “Small Pet Select Unbleached White Paper Bedding“, and “Small Pet Select- Small Animal Pelleted Paper Bedding“. Avoid clumping and clay cat litters and all soft wood shavings including pine, aspen and walnut. “Tractor Supply Pelletized Bedding” is a safe low-cost option that is used by many rescues, however those with allergies and sensitive noses may not enjoy the smell.
  • Food and water bowls. Rabbits will tip a light plastic or metal bowl so be sure you get a heavy, ceramic bowl that can hold 3–5 cups of water. Food bowls are optional, pellets can be scattered to encourage foraging and greens can be hand fed to build trust.


  • Chew toys and lots of them. Chewing is a natural, and necessary, behavior. Rabbits have an instinctual need to gnaw to keep their teeth, which grow 3-5 inches per year, filed down. Providing chew toys satisfies their natural instinct, promotes psychological well-being and keeps their teeth healthy. Without chew toys, your new rabbit might turn their attention to less suitable items like baseboards, furniture, and other household items. Stock up on apple wood sticks, willow balls and cardboard.
  • Rabbits love running and zooming through tunnels. Setting up an obstacle course with multiple tunnels around your room will provide hours of entertainment for you and exercise your rabbit.
  • Snuffle mats stimulate a rabbits natural foraging instincts. They provide mental enrichment and encourage physical activity as rabbits search for hidden treats.
  • Treat balls and wobble feeders encourage active feeding and mental engagement. This helps to prevent boredom and encourages exercise. Check out the “Niteangel Treat Ball” and “SunGrow Interactive Puzzle Feeder“.
  • Puzzle toys and stacking cups are excellent for rabbits as they challenge their problem-solving skills and provide mental stimulation, helping to keep them engaged and mentally sharp. Try puzzles like the “TRIXIE Hide N Slide Brain Teaser” and “8 Pcs Stacking Cups for Rabbits“. As with all plastic items, secure these out of your rabbits reach when you are not there to supervise their play.


  • 80–90% of a rabbits diet should be high quality grass hay. Alfalfa hay is high in calcium and good for young rabbits, up to 6 months old. Adults should avoid alfalfa hay because it can lead to weight gain,bladder sludge and stones. Adult rabbits should primarily be getting 1st or 2nd cut western timothy hay to keep their teeth filed down and digestive system working effectively. Orchard grass hay may be used as a substitute for those who are allergic to timothy hay, however orchard grass hay has less fiber. Oat hay is a grain, and not a grass, hay and is okay as an occasional treat but should not be fed regularly as it can cause weight gain.
    • A healthy adult rabbit should be eating DOUBLE their weight in hay each month. That means a 4–6lb rabbit which would consume be around 8–12lb of hay per month.
  • 10% of a rabbit’s diet should be dark leafy greens and vegetables. Stock up on spring mix (a mix of green leaf, red leaf and butter leaf lettuces) and other greens like romaine, arugula, bok choy, spinach and kale for variety. Feed limited servings of greens that are high in calcium (like turnip greens, mustard greens, collard greens, kale and spinach) and oxalates (like beet greens, spinach, chard and parsley). Don’t feed rabbits iceberg lettuce as it contains lactucarium, which can be harmful in large quantities.
  • 5% of a rabbits diet should be fortified food pellets. We recommend “Oxbow Essentials Adult Rabbit Food“, “Science Selective House Rabbit Food“, “Small Pet Select Rabbit Food” and “Sherwood Pet Health Adult Rabbit Food“. Avoid “gourmet” food mixes that include nuts, seeds, treats, additional sugars and artificial colors. In general avoid low quality brands like KAYTEE, Vitakraft, Wild Harvest, Small World, Menu, Mana Pro, PURE WhiteMill, Higgins, Sunseed, Browns that put unsafe ingredients in rabbit food.
  • <5% of a rabbits diet should be fruits and treats. Rabbits should have no more than 1-2 teaspoon size servings of fruits per week, that about 1 strawberry or 1 baby carrot per week.


  • Grooming tools. Rabbits should have their nails trimmed every 2-4 months. Cat or small animal nail clippers are the safest for rabbits delicate nails. Depending on whether your rabbit is short haired or long haired a rubber grooming glove, furminator or grooming comb may be the most effective.
  • A hard sided pet carrier (minimum 11in x 17in). Rabbits often hyperventilate when they are stressed. Soft carriers do not offer as much air flow and can trap heat, this can cause rabbits to overheat. Rabbits can also chew their way out of a soft carrier. Be sure to always line the bottom of a plastic carrier with a towel or washable pad and provide hay to munch on during the trip. We recommend the “MidWest Homes for Pets Spree Travel Pet Carrier“.


Daily Routine:


  • Morning (around 7-8 AM): Provide a fresh serving of high quality hay and a portion of rabbit pellets.
  • Evening (around 6-7 PM): Repeat the morning feeding routine and include a small amount of fresh leafy greens and vegetables.

Litterbox and Area Maintenance:

  • Morning and Evening (around feeding times): Remove soiled hay from the litterbox. Add fresh hay directly into the litterbox to encourage natural foraging and bathroom behaviors. Dump out the entire litterbox every second or third day so that you can monitor how many poops the rabbit had in 24hrs and what they look like. This can help you catch and address illnesses early.
  • Dedicate 15 minutes to tidying up the rabbit’s area each morning and evening. This includes picking up loose hay, litter, and stray poops, ensuring the space remains clean and comfortable.


  • Spend quality time interacting with your rabbit during or after feeding times when they are most active. Aim for at least 15 minutes of dedicated socialization per session to build trust and familiarity.

Weekly Routine:

Deep Cleaning:

  • Perform a thorough cleaning of the entire rabbit’s area once a week. This includes moving their pen and items to vacuuming their area rug. Washing any blankets or snuffle mats. Soaking their litterbox with distilled white vinegar to remove residue. Checking their items and toys for wear to see if they need to be replaced. Wash food and water bowls with warm water and soap or pass through the dishwater.
  • Once a month you move their area rug to sweep, vacuum and mop underneath.

Health Check:

  • Conduct a basic health check to monitor your rabbit’s condition, including checking their eyes, ears, teeth, fur, nails, and weight. This regular monitoring helps catch any potential health issues early.

Week 1


Getting Acquainted

Welcome to the first week of caring for your new rabbit!

This week’s goal is to make your rabbit feel safe, secure, and comfortable as they adapt to their new home and your presence. To achieve this, maintain a consistent routine for feeding, cleaning, and gentle interactions to foster trust. Spend time near their enclosure, observing their behaviors and speaking softly, using treats to encourage interaction at their own pace. Ensure that all interactions are calm—avoid loud noises and sudden movements to prevent startling your rabbit. Remember, this may be the first time they are hearing household sounds like the vacuum cleaner or your doorbell.

Be mindful of their health and behavior — watching diligently for any signs of stress or illness such as changes in appetite, lethargy, or unusual hiding. Avoid forcing physical interaction and let your rabbit come to you.

By following these steps, you’ll help your rabbit adjust smoothly to their new environment, laying the groundwork for a happy and healthy bond.

Things to DO, AVOID and WATCH OUT FOR this Week:


  • Create a Comforting Environment: Provide a calm and secure home-base for your rabbit to settle into. This space should be a minimum 4ft x 4ft wide, providing 16sq ft of living space. Consider covering their enclosure with a light blanket during the first few nights to give them an added sense of security but make sure there is still adequate ventilation.
  • Stick to a Routine: Follow your daily schedule for feeding and cleaning your rabbit’s area twice a day.
  • Build Trust Gradually: Spend time near their enclosure to observe their behavior and preferences. Speak softly and offer treats to begin building trust. Try eating your meals outside their enclosure when you feed them to create a positive association and routine. Wait 3-5 days before entering their enclosure so they can get used to your presence from a comfortable distance.
  • Encourage Proper Litter Habits: Reinforce litter box habits by picking up any stray poops and placing them back in the litter box. Understand that it might take a few days for your rabbit to adjust to using the litter box in a new environment. Keep the litter box filled with fresh hay, changing out soiled hay twice a day and dumping out the entire box daily or every other day.
  • Start a Log: Keep a journal of your rabbit’s behaviors, their responses to different foods and stimuli, and note their energy levels at different times of the day. This can help you tailor your interactions based on their preferences and mood.


  • Minimize Noise and Sudden Movements: Avoid loud sounds and sudden movements which could startle your rabbit. Move slowly and calmly around them.
  • Delay Free Roaming: Hold off on letting your rabbit roam freely. Ensure they are comfortable and reliably using their litter box before expanding their accessible area.
  • Avoid Forcing Interaction: Do not force interaction or handling if your rabbit seems fearful or stressed. Reward them with a treat if they approach, but let them initiate any further contact.
  • Use Safe Cleaning Products: Refrain from using harsh cleaning products or aerosols near your rabbit’s area.
  • Heatstroke: Ensure your rabbit is comfortable by maintaining a temperature between 64-74°F. Rabbits are sensitive to heat and can begin to overheat at temperatures as low as 76°F.


  • Health Signs: Be vigilant about your rabbit’s appetite, water intake, and stool consistency. Changes could indicate GI Stasis, a serious health condition.
  • Behavioral Changes: Note any signs of lethargy, excessive hiding, sneezing, wheezing, or discharge from the eyes or nose.
  • Comfort Around Others: If there are young children in the home, supervise interactions closely to ensure they are gentle, helping to prevent stress for your rabbit.

Week 2


Establishing a Routine

As you continue to settle into life together, this weeks focus is on deepening your bond through maintaining a consistent daily routine. It’s vital to maintain regular feeding, cleaning, playtime, exploration, and grooming sessions, as rabbits thrive on structure and predictability. A predictable schedule will helps your rabbit feel at ease and secure your home.

This week you’ll start to allow your rabbit to free roam and explore your room (under close supervision), enhance communication by introducing their name, begin offering gentle head and body rubs, light grooming sessions and interactive play. These are crucial steps for building trust and keeping your rabbit healthy and engaged.

It is important to be patient and avoid rushing interactions.

Things to DO, AVOID and WATCH OUT FOR this Week:


  • Encourage Exploration: Allow your rabbit to explore your room under close supervision. Start with short sessions and gradually increase their duration to help your rabbit get familiar with their surroundings, ensuring they feel secure with a safe retreat to their enclosure.
  • Enhance Communication: Continue speaking softly and offering treats. This week, start calling their name to help them recognize and respond, which enhances mutual understanding. Reward them with treats for responding or approaching you.
  • Create Engaging Playtimes: Schedule specific times for play that include both free play and interactive games, like rolling a  treat ball or using a puzzle feeder. This structured playtime helps your rabbit look forward to and relish the time spent with you.
  • Build Trust through Touch: Begin offering gentle head and body rubs to further build trust. Always conclude these sessions with a small treat to create a positive association.
  • Start Grooming Sessions: Implement light grooming sessions. Regular grooming not only helps in bonding but also gets your rabbit accustomed to being touched, which is crucial for their health.


  • Prevent Slipping Hazards: Avoid slippery floors like hardwood or tile which can cause injuries. Place rugs or carpets that offer good traction and are easy to clean, and avoid those with loops or threads that could catch their claws.
  • Handle with Care: Don’t try picking up or holding your rabbit at this early stage, as it can cause stress and damage trust.
  • Watch Treat Intake: Be mindful not to overfeed treats. While treats are excellent for training, too many can lead to obesity or digestive issues.
  • Maintain Positive Reinforcement: Never shout at or physically punish your rabbit. This could irreversibly harm your relationship. Always opt for positive reinforcement techniques.
  • Be Patient: Understand that bonding may take time and each rabbit is unique. Don’t rush the process and allow your rabbit to adjust at their own pace.


  • Signs of Being Overwhelmed: Behaviors like thumping, hiding, rapid breathing, or running away while flicking their back feed, suggest your rabbit might be getting overwhelmed and needs a break.
  • Inappropriate Chewing: As your rabbit explores new areas, watch for chewing on unsafe items. Provide plenty of safe chewing options like apple wood sticks, willow balls or cardboard. Be mindful of plastic and rubber items.
  • Fluctuations in Behavior: It’s normal for progress to ebb and flow. Some days might be better than others, influenced by various stressors or changes in the environment.

Week 3


Slow & Steady Socialization

In the third week with your new rabbit, you can start to expand their world within your home. Begin by slowly opening up new areas for them to explore, using baby gates or pen to introduce one new space at a time. It will be like watching a little explorer in action — every corner they sniff and chin will build their confidence.

This week is we’ll also incorporate a physical assessment into your regular grooming schedule. During the assessment you’ll check your bunny nose to tail. Looking at their eyes, ears, nose, mouth, fur, and nails for any signs that they might be ill or need to see the vet. Another opportunity to get your rabbit used to being handled will be ‘lap time’. Start encouraging your rabbit to jump up onto your bed of the couch by scattering their pellets on their for them. You might need to pick them up the first time and as always reinforce positive behavior with a small treat.

Remember, if they start to seem overwhelmed, it’s okay to take a step back. Small changes can be big for a little bunny, and the key is to move at a pace that keeps them feeling secure and happy.

Things to DO, AVOID and WATCH OUT FOR this Week:


  • Expand Exploration Areas: As your rabbit becomes more at ease, gradually increase their roaming space within your home. Use baby gates or pens to section off new areas one at a time, under your supervision. Ensure each new area is bunny-proofed to prevent accidents.
  • Introduce Complex Toys and Puzzles: Provide your rabbit with more complex toys or food puzzles. Play hide-and-seek games. These encourage mental activity and problem-solving skills, serving as both a cognitive stimulant and a bonding opportunity as you guide and interact with them.
  • Incorporate Health Checks: Begin a routine of weekly or monthly full body assessments in addition to regular grooming. Document their weight, and check their eyes, ears, nose, teeth, nails, and fur for any signs of health issues. Regular handling during these checks helps them get comfortable being touched and can prevent health issues from going unnoticed.
  • Establish ‘Lap Time’ Routine: If your rabbit seems comfortable, start a ‘lap time’ routine where you sit with your rabbit on your lap or beside you for gentle petting sessions. Ensure this is a stress-free experience by allowing them to leave at their discretion.


  • Manage Space and Time Carefully: Avoid giving your rabbit too much new space at once too quickly as it can be overwhelming. If they show signs of discomfort, scale back to allow them more time to adjust.
  • Respect Their Space: Never force your rabbit to stay on your lap. Allow them to decide when they want to leave, respecting their need for autonomy.
  • Allow Downtime: Recognize the importance of alone time for your rabbit. Even as your interactions increase, remember that rabbits value their personal space and alone time. Balance attention with giving them room to retreat and relax on their own terms.


  • Behavioral Regression: It’s normal for rabbits to sometimes regress in their progress due to stress or environmental changes. Maintain patience and stay consistent with your approach to help them feel secure.
  • Monitor and Record Behaviors: Continue to observe your rabbit’s body language closely and update your journal with your observations. Keep an eye on any abnormalities, fluctuations in weight, eating habits or elimination that may indicate stress or illness.

Week 4


Strengthening Your Bond

As you enter Week 4 of bonding with your new rabbit, you should be seeing clear signs of the trust and affection blossoming between you. Perhaps they eagerly hop towards you when they know its feeding time or they follow you around throughout the day. You might find them spending quite moments relaxing beside you and demonstrating relaxed body language such as flopping or laying with legs stretched back.

This final week will solidifying these positive behaviors and ensuring that the bond you’ve nurtured continues to grow.

It is also crucial to start planning ahead for your rabbits future needs, especially medical ones. Rabbits are fragile and emergencies can be costly (often ranging from $500 to $1,500.) Have a look at our Veterinarians page for more information about veterinary care for rabbits, costs, signs that your rabbit might need to see the vet and list of exotic veterinarians and emergency services that see rabbits in Florida and across the US. Setting up a medical savings account and contributing monthly, ensures you’re prepared should anything go wrong. It is also important to take your rabbits to an exotic veterinarian every year for a wellness exam and bloodwork, even if they seem completely healthy. As prey animals, rabbits are experts at hiding signs of illness. By the time we can tell that a rabbit is sick it may be too late. Regular check-ups help catch any hidden health problems early, safeguarding your rabbit’s well-being.

Things to DO, AVOID and WATCH OUT FOR this Week:


  • Observe and Adapt: Continue to observe your rabbit’s responses to your interactions. Adapt your approaches based on their likes and dislikes, which can help in building a more personalized and comfortable environment for them. Continue to optimize their living space based on their preferences for hiding places, open spaces, and play areas.
  • Teach Simple Commands: Use treats to teach commands like “come,” “stay,” or “stand.” This not only enhances communication but also provides mental stimulation, keeping your rabbit engaged and happy.
  • Start a Medical Savings Account: Regular veterinary care and unexpected medical emergencies can be costly, with emergencies ranging from $500 to $1,500 per day in diagnostics and treatment. To ensure you are prepared, set up a savings account specifically for your rabbit’s health needs. Aim to save at least $1,000 by contributing $50 to $100 each month. This proactive step can help cover annual wellness exams and any unforeseen medical issues.


  • Don’t Neglect Health Checks and Grooming: Continue with regular grooming and health checks to monitor their well-being.
  • Avoid Becoming Complacent: Do not stop following the schedule you have set for diet, tidying up, and socializing with your rabbit. Consistency in these areas is crucial for their well-being and your ongoing relationship.
  • Being Unprepared for a Medical Emergency: Know the locations of the three closest exotic veterinarians and after-hours or emergency clinics that treat rabbits. For a comprehensive list of exotic vets and emergency facilities, visit our Veterinarians page. Be prepared to travel 30 minutes or an hour or more in the event of an emergency.


  • Signs of Trust and Affection: Look for signs like coming to greet you, following you, or displaying relaxed body language when around you. These behaviors indicate your rabbit trusts you.
  • Lack of Mental Stimulation: If your rabbit starts to chew on inappropriate items or shows decreased interest in play, they might need more engaging activities. Consider introducing a variety of new toys or more complex puzzles to solve.
  • Not Voicing Your Concerns: If you are having difficulties or concerns, don’t keep these to yourself. Reach out to a local rabbit rescue, house rabbit chapter, or a Facebook advice group for advice and support. It’s essential to address issues as they arise to ensure the well-being of your rabbit and the health of your relationship.

Remember, building a strong and loving relationship with your rabbit takes patience, consistency, and understanding.

Reach out to us if you have any questions along the way.